First of all, I’d like to express my sympathies to everyone who is enduring hardships due to COVID-19. Stay well and be strong.
In this previous post, I discussed two important classical results giving examples of polynomials whose roots interlace:
Theorem 1: The roots of a real-rooted polynomial and its derivative interlace.
Theorem 2: (Cauchy’s interlacing theorem) The eigenvalues of a real symmetric matrix interlace with those of any principal minor.
In this post, I’d like to explain a general method, based on partial fraction expansions of rational functions, which gives a unified approach to proving Theorems 1 and 2 and deserves to be better known.Continue reading